Tuesday, May 19, 2015

HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Distance Sensor Interfacing with Arduino


The HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor is a very affordable proximity/distance sensor that has been used mainly for object avoidance in various robotics projects . It essentially gives your Arduino eyes / spacial awareness and can prevent your robot from crashing or falling off a table. It has also been used in blind stick applications, water level sensing, and even as a parking sensor.

Component List:
     1. Arduino Board
     2. HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Distance Sensor
     3. Connecting Wires

Circuit Connections:


  Created by www.circuits4you.com
  Ultrasonic sensor Pins:
        VCC: +5VDC
        Trig : Trigger (INPUT) - Pin 8
        Echo: Echo (OUTPUT) - Pin 7
        GND: GND
int trigPin = 8;    //Trig - green Jumper
int echoPin = 7;    //Echo - yellow Jumper
long duration, cm, inches;
void setup() {
  //Serial Port begin
  Serial.begin (9600);
  //Define inputs and outputs
  pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(echoPin, INPUT);
void loop()
  // The sensor is triggered by a HIGH pulse of 10 or more microseconds.
  // Give a short LOW pulse beforehand to ensure a clean HIGH pulse:
  digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);
  digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);
  // Read the signal from the sensor: a HIGH pulse whose
  // duration is the time (in microseconds) from the sending
  // of the ping to the reception of its echo off of an object.
  pinMode(echoPin, INPUT);
  duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH);
  // convert the time into a distance
  cm = (duration/2) / 29.1;
  inches = (duration/2) / 74; 
  Serial.print("in, ");

    See output on terminal

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