Wednesday, July 1, 2015

Dual Adjustable DC Power Supply

Dual adjustable power supply circuit using LM317 and LM337. With PCB design. For experimenting electronic circuits and project we require variable power supply.It requires center tap transformer. 

The LM317 series of adjustable 3-terminal positive voltage regulators is capable of supplying in excess of 1.5A over a 1.2V to 37V output range. They are exceptionally easy to use and require only two external resistors to set the output voltage. Further, both line and load regulation are better than standard fixed regulators. Also, the LM317 is packaged in standard transistor packages which are easily mounted and handled.

In addition to higher performance than fixed regulators, the LM317 series offers full overload protection available only in IC’s. Included on the chip are current limit, thermal overload protection and safe area protection. All overload protection circuitry remains fully functional even if the adjustment terminal is disconnected. Normally, no capacitors are needed unless the device is situated more than 6 inches from the input filter capacitors in which case an input bypass is needed. An optional output capacitor can be added to improve transient response. The adjustment terminal can be bypassed to achieve very high ripple rejection ratios which are difficult to achieve with standard 3-terminal regulators. Besides replacing fixed regulators, the LM317 is useful in a wide variety of other applications. Since the regulator is “floating” and sees only the input-to-output differential voltage, supplies of several hundred volts can be regulated as long as the maximum input to output differential is not exceeded, i.e., avoid short-circuiting the output. Also, it makes an especially simple adjustable switching regulator, a programmable output regulator, or by connecting a fixed resistor between the adjustment pin and output, the LM317 can be used as a precision current regulator. Supplies with electronic shutdown can be achieved by clamping the adjustment terminal to ground which programs the output to 1.2V where most loads draw little current.

For applications requiring greater output current, use LM338 series (5A) data sheets. For the negative complement, see LM337 series data sheet. 

Features :
  •  Guaranteed 1% output voltage tolerance (LM317A)
  •  Guaranteed max. 0.01%/V line regulation (LM317A) 
  •  Guaranteed max. 0.3% load regulation (LM117)
  •  Guaranteed 1.5A output current 
  •  Adjustable output down to 1.2V
  •  Current limit constant with temperature
  •  P+ Product Enhancement tested
  •  Output is short-circuit protected
Step 1: Components Required
1. LM317 Qty.1
2. LM337 Qty.1
3. 1000uF Capacitors Qty. 2
4. 1N4007 Diodes Qty. 4
5. 240 Ohm 1/4 Watt Resistors Qty. 2
6. 4.7K Pot Qty. 2
7. Heat Sink for TO-220 Package Qty.2
8. PBT3 Connectors Qty.2

Step 2: Circuit Design and PCB Development
Dual Adjustable Power Supply Circuit Diagram
Dual Adjustable Power Supply Circuit Diagram

Dual Adjustable Power Supply PCB Layout

Step 3: Download Required Files

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